Indian History

Political Consolidation of British India

The English came to India near about 1609, when Captain Hawkins arrived in the court of Jahangir with a mission to establish a factory at Surat, however, due to Portuguese intervention, they couldn’t succeed. Later, they established a factory in Masulipatnam on the South-Eastern coast of India. Slowly and gradually the Company had their foothold in India, esp. Bengal. The English were indulged in lot of wars and battles during this period, be it Carnatic Wars between The British East India Company and The French East India Company or the Seven Years’ War. They not only emerged victorious in these wars but proven to be the most powerful European company in India. Let’s discuss this in detail only on Critical Thinkers India.

Land Revenue System
Indian History

Land Revenue System: British India

India since ages have and had been an agriculture state. Major professions included textile handicrafts, artisans etc. were the specialty of India. However, in the rule of 200 years the British ruined the Indian agriculture and conquered such a vast country by taxing Indian peasant or Ryot heavily.

We know that the East India Company acquired the Dewani rights (revenue control) of Bengal, Bihar and Odisha after the Battle of Buxar. And that was the start of the new Land Revenue System in India. So, let’s start with the first one i.e., The Permanent Settlement.