Important Acts of British India Starting of Important Acts of British India with THE COMPANY RULE (1773–1858) Regulating Act of 1773 First step taken by the British Government to control and regulate the affairs of the East India Company in India. Features of the Act It designated the Governor of Bengal as the ‘Governor-General of […]
We know how the British got their strong hold in India. After all the policies and oppressive actions of the British on Indian masses, on the morning of May 11th, 1857 Bahadur Shah Zafar was proclaimed Shahenshah-e-Hindustan and the Sepoy Mutiny happened. Interestingly, there was no direct British Rule in India till this point of time. […]
The English came to India near about 1609, when Captain Hawkins arrived in the court of Jahangir with a mission to establish a factory at Surat, however, due to Portuguese intervention, they couldn’t succeed. Later, they established a factory in Masulipatnam on the South-Eastern coast of India. Slowly and gradually the Company had their foothold in India, esp. Bengal. The English were indulged in lot of wars and battles during this period, be it Carnatic Wars between The British East India Company and The French East India Company or the Seven Years’ War. They not only emerged victorious in these wars but proven to be the most powerful European company in India. Let’s discuss this in detail only on Critical Thinkers India.
India since ages have and had been an agriculture state. Major professions included textile handicrafts, artisans etc. were the specialty of India. However, in the rule of 200 years the British ruined the Indian agriculture and conquered such a vast country by taxing Indian peasant or Ryot heavily.
We know that the East India Company acquired the Dewani rights (revenue control) of Bengal, Bihar and Odisha after the Battle of Buxar. And that was the start of the new Land Revenue System in India. So, let’s start with the first one i.e., The Permanent Settlement.