Energy sector of India revolves around BLACK GOLD which has dominating use in three sectors i.e., Power, Steel and Cement out of which 68% is used in electricity generation. All of which gives an idea how dependent are we on coal and its applications. We will discuss and try to answer various questions about coal energy in a very concise format. Such as: How does India use coal? What are the disadvantages and advantages of coal? What are the advantages of coal power? What are disadvantages of coal energy? Why coal is a good energy source?
COAL DEPENDENCE IN INDIA (How does India use coal?):
- India has fourth largest coal reserves in the world, being in abundance and cheap it makes a wonderful source of fuel for a developing country like India.
- Lack of technology and resources for generation of nuclear, wind and hydro power etc. adds more to this dependence.
- Coal is a major source to produce electrically, which is directly proportional to development.
- New schemes like SAUBHAGYA needs increased power generation and coal is reliable.
- After agriculture, coal industry is largest employer in primary sector in India.
- Direct reliance of some heavy industries on coal, makes the coal mining inevitable.
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ISSUES RELATED TO COAL ENERGY:
- Release of CO2 and SO2 gas in the atmosphere cause Green House Effect and Global Warming.
- In thermal power plants, burning of coal also generates large amount of fly-ash. Fly-ash is a toxic waste, contains toxic heavy metals.
- Workers in the coal mines suffer from following lung diseases: Black-lung disease, Asthma, Bronchitis, Lung cancer.
- A threat to ozone layer since it is an Ozone Depleting Substance.
INITIATIVES TO CURB THE SITUATION:
India is taking various initiatives to curb the environment damage and switch to clean energy:
- Thorium electricity generation project.
- Different schemes to cut down coal use in rural household. i.e., PMUY( Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana)
- India is showing a rapid development towards renewable energy production with various initiatives like International Solar Alliance, INSPIRE and SATAT (Compressed Bio Gas as fuel) etc.
- The Union Cabinet has been apprised of India joining as Member of Advanced Motor Fuels Technology Collaboration Programme (AMF TCP) under International Energy Agency (IEA).
- Various other initiatives like Coal to Liquid for sustainable and efficient use of coal.
The NITI Aayog’s Draft National Energy Policy (DNEP) predicts that between now and 2040, there will be a quantum leap in the uptake of renewable energy together with a drastic reduction in fossil fuel energy intensity. With all the efforts and leadership India is showing in these scenarios the day is not far away where we will prove the statement, “India is Saudi Arabia of Renewable energy.”
Follow this link to read the Energy Policy of India 2020